The Helgoland-Zanzibar Treaty (also known as the Anglo-German Agreement of 1890) was an agreement signed on 1 July 1890 between the German Empire and Great Britain. German-English Treaty (Helgoland-Zanzibar Treaty) (July 1, 1890) The misleading name of the treaty was introduced by former Chancellor Otto von Bismarck, who wanted to attack his despised successor Caprivi to conclude an agreement that Bismarck himself had organized during his tenure. However, Bismarck`s nomenclature meant that Germany had exchanged an African empire for the tiny Helgoland (“pants for a button”).  This was zealously taken up by imperialists who complained of “treason” against German interests. Carl Peters and Alfred Hugenberg launched a call for the creation of the German Association, which took place in 1891.  have arrived, on behalf of their respective governments, following discussions on various issues relating to the colonial interests of Germany and Great Britain: I ask the Under Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs if he has been warned that this is the case under Article VIII. From there, the line descends west on latitude to the shores of Lake Nyasa. It turns north and continues along the east, north, and west shores of the lake until it reaches the north shore of the mouth of the Songwe River. Then continue until its intersection with the length is 33 degrees. .