At this point, pigs have gained more power: once they were “supervisors,” but now they decide on “all agricultural policy issues.” While these decisions still need to be ratified by other animals, Orwell suggests that pigs gain slowly but steadily from the ground. But with the “bitter hard time” coming this winter, the “bitterly hard” debates between Snowball and Napoleon are multiplying. In fact, “debate” may not be the right term, because only Snowball tries to re-enculate other animals with rhetoric and logic – Napoleon uses a series of what Squealer would later call “tactics” to impose himself. For example, Napoleon spends time during the week training the sheep to break in their “Four Legs Good, Two Bad Legs,” which restrain in the “decisive moments” in Snowball`s speeches; Taking meetings with his own ignorant supporters is Napoleon`s calculated strategy here. His outburst of the nine dogs later in the chapter is Napoleon`s ultimate “debate technique”: violence, not oratory, is, as Napoleon has set up disagreements. Mollie`s departure characterizes her as an even greater materialist than she once seemed to be in the novel. The fact that she is bribed with sugar and ribbons by Animal Farm – two items that Snowball condemned in Chapter 2 as useless for freedom – shows her desire for luxury, without making the sacrifices necessary to preserve it. She is a defector from the policy of the animal farm and is never mentioned by other animals who find shameful her mission of animalism and rebellion. However, despite their tacit condemnation, the pigeons say they seemed to be “having fun” – far more than the animals that remain on the farm. Mollie may be politically superficial in the eyes of her former comrades, but she manages to secure a much more comfortable life, raising the question of whether one can better live with her enemies or suffer with her comrades. The novel ultimately suggests that Mollie actually made a wise decision to leave Animal Farm, although she did not do so (to be fair) for political or moral reasons. Three weeks after Snowball`s escape, Napoleon surprised everyone by announcing the construction of the mill.
He sends Squealer to the animals to explain that the windmill was really Napoleon`s idea all the time and that the plans were stolen from him by Snowball. The windmill itself is a symbol of technological progress. Snowball wants it to be built because it thinks it will bring to the court a degree of self-sufficiency – which is consistent with the principles of animalism.